The Humyun’s Tomb — located in Delhi, India — is the tomb of Mughal Emperor, Humayun, commissioned by his wife Hamida Begum in1562 AD. The tomb was designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyath — A Persian Architect. Constructed before The Taj Mahal, the monument houses over 100 Mughal graves.
The complex houses the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun, which encompasses graves of his wife, Hamida Begum along with Dara Shikoh – son the later Emperor Shah Jahan. Some other graves lying in the complex include Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Emperor Jahandar Shah, Rafi Ud-Daulat and Alamgir II.
Humayun Tomb reflects a leap in great Mughal architecture. It also marks the introduction of another first in India – accomplished Charbagh garden, typical of Persian gardens. It reflects a transformation from the fairly modest mausoleum of Babur – the first Mughal Emperor – who introduced Bagh-e Babur (Gardens of Babur) in Kabul (Afghanistan).
Babur was the first Mughal Emperor to begin the tradition of choosing a paradise garden for burying the dear ones.
A trend that started with tomb of Gur-e Amir — the tomb of his ancestor — and Asia’s conqueror Timur in Samarkand, it flourished to future Mughal architecture of royal mausolea and reached its pinnacle with the absolute masterpiece, the world’s wonder — Taj Mahal, at Agra.
- Mughal Irrigation System: Mughals have most sophisticated garden irrigation system — the canal system
- Canals to irrigate the Garden: Mughals were first to bury the dead in Gardens, Quite amazing no
- Humayun Tomb is first Indian structure to have built with red bricks at such a large scale
- The Pump House: the source, it may be pump system or boring system or something more innovative! Water Supply to the Garden